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Zonnebank en huidkanker

Aangepaste wetgeving na dood door zonnebankgebruik in AustraliŽ

De Australische overheid wil eind van dit jaar een verbod op zonnebanken voor jongeren onder de 16 jaar. De lokale kankerstichting zou dit het liefst verhoogd zien naar 18 jaar. De reden van dit alles is de dood van de anti-solarium strijdster Clare Oliver die na een strijd van 4 jaar tegen huidkanker helaas is overleden. De lokale industrie is niet in staat gebleken dit zelf te reguleren en de Australische oppositie ziet de nieuwe wetgeving liefst per direkt ingaan.

Interview met Clare op video




The Clare Oliver Melanoma Fund

Clare Oliver loved and embraced life. She was just 26 when she lost her battle with cancer, on 13 September 2007. Three years ago, she noticed a strange lump under her arm that was diagnosed as a Melanoma. This lump was cut out and her cancer scare made her even more determined to get on with her life. Clare travelled to Europe and went on to complete her second university degree. But cancer came back and Clare took on the fight for her life. She reflected on the ‘why’ and made a connection with her use of solariums and sun exposure and her Melanoma. Clare was searching for perceived ideals of beauty and thought that a golden tan was necessary to attain that ideal. She, like so many other young people, used solariums in the belief that this was something akin to good health.

Clare became aware of the dangers of solarium use. She used her remaining time and energy to make certain that the rest of Australia heard and responded to that message. Skin protection from the sun and from rays is the message she shouted loud and clear. Melanoma awareness is the legacy Clare wanted to leave behind.


TV - BBC - Zonnebankjunkies


Meer kans op huidkanker door zonnebank

Vrouwen die vaker dan eens per maand gebruik maken van een zonnebank hebben een 55 procent grotere kans op huidkanker.


Zonnebank gevaarlijk?

Het aantal gevallen van huidkanker neemt weer fors toe. Uit Scandinavisch onderzoek blijkt dat vrouwen die regelmatig onder de zonnebank gaan, veel meer kans hebben om huidkanker te krijgen.


Opgepast met zonnebank

De zonnebank: ongevaarlijk of toch niet helemaal? 'Een zonnebank geeft voornamelijk UVA-stralen vrij, terwijl het de UVB-stralen zijn waarvan we verbranden', zegt prof. dr. Julien Lambert. 'Lange tijd werd daarom verondersteld dat de zonnebank volledig onschadelijk is. Maar intussen weten we dat de UVA-stralen mee bijdragen tot het ontstaan van huidkanker. Als je dan bedenkt dat het vooral fanatieke zonnekloppers zijn die naar de zonnebank gaan, is het toch oppassen geblazen.' Lambert raadt aan zich te beperken tot maximaal tien sessies per jaar. Mensen die van nature niet of nauwelijks bruin worden of andere risicofactoren hebben, zouden er beter helemaal geen gebruik van maken. Want zij lopen sowieso al meer gevaar op huidkanker.


Vrouwen gaan teveel onder zonnebank

Belgische vrouwen gaan te veel onder de zonnebank. Zo brengen ze hun gezondheid in gevaar. Dat blijkt uit een onderzoek van de universiteit van Gent.


Video - Dangers of Tanning


The Risk of indoor tanning

The tanning industry relies on two misleading arguments: first, that since melanoma is mainly caused by sunburn, "controlled" tanning helps prevent melanoma by building up the protective pigment melanin; second, that UV exposure makes the skin produce vitamin D, which helps prevent breast, prostate and colon cancer, as well as other diseases. Medical experts refute these arguments.


The association of use of sunbeds with cutaneous malignant melanoma and other skin cancers: A systematic review.

The summary relative risk of 3 studies of squamous cell carcinoma showed an increased risk. For basal cell carcinoma, the studies did not support an association. The evidence does not support a protective effect of the use of sunbeds against damage to the skin from subsequent sun exposure. Young adults should be discouraged from using indoor tanning equipment and restricted access to sunbeds by minors should be strongly considered.


Cutaneous malignant melanoma: facts about sunbeds and sunscreen

Over the last 20 years, tan acquisition through exposure to artificial sources of ultraviolet radiation has become frequent among fair-skinned adolescents and young adults. There is accumulating evidence that sunbed use is associated with melanoma when started before approximately 30 years of age.


Perspectives in melanoma prevention: the case of sunbeds.

We stress the need for the control of information disseminated by the "tanning industry" on suppositions that sunbed use is safer than sun exposure, and on the hypothetical health benefits of tanning. New fluorescent UV lamps are proposed that have a spectrum similar to the midday sun. Given the known association between intermittent sun exposure and melanoma, public-health authorities should reconsider the soundness of the commercialisation of these lamps.


Quantitative risk assessment of sunbeds: impact of new high power lamps

Sunbeds in current use carry a cancer risk comparable to Mediterranean sunlight. This is due to the use of new high power lamps. New British and European standards are being largely ignored with more than four out of five sunbeds exceeding the limit specified in the standard. There is a strong case for regulation of sunbed operators coupled to improved public education.


Tanning might be addictive

Dermatologists have long suspected that some people may be addicted to tanning – similar to addictions to drugs or alcohol – and refuse to alter their behaviors, even knowing they have an increased risk of developing skin cancer. 


Study Links Use of Tanning Lamps to Increased Risk of Skin Cancer

Participants who reported any use of tanning devices, they found, were 2.5 times more likely to develop squamous cell carcinoma and 1.5 times more likely to develop basal cell carcinoma than those who didn't.


Do Tanning Beds Cause Cancer?

The researchers found that artificial tanning increased the risk for SCC (odds ratio, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.7-3.8) and BCC (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.1). Women younger than 50 with sensitive phenotypes appear to be at particularly high risk.





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