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Baby en zwangerschap


Plastic soep: Over pvc, bisphenol A, plastic babyflesjes

Het is tijd voor actie! De oceanen zijn vervuild met miljoenen kilo’s plastic. Dat is niet alleen slecht voor het milieu, ook de gezondheid van de mens loopt groot gevaar. Dat schrijft Jesse Goossens in het boek Plastic Soep. Het boek wordt morgen gepresenteerd tijdens de landelijke Strandschoonmaakdag.

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Grappig hoe verbaasd de verslaggeefster reageert....

In de Stille Oceaan drijft een hoeveelheid plastic afval die de omvang heeft van tweemaal de Verenigde Staten. Het zeeleven en de zeevogels sterven, en ook wij krijgen het plastic via onze vismaaltijden binnen… met alle gevolgen van dien. Kijk, lees en huiver — het is tijd voor actie!

http://www.plasticsoep.nl/nl/

Groeten Jochem


Babymatrasjes in gifcontainers

Afl.: Gifcontainers. Een medewerker van een transportbedrijf werd doodziek na het doormeten van een container met pinda's. De pinda's waren behandeld met gifgas. De afgelopen tijd zijn er meer slachtoffers gevallen na het openen van containers die uit de hele wereld komen. Er zit gif in ladingen matrassen, pinda's, mandarijnen, cacaoboter, schoenen en vibrators. De giftige stoffen worden gebruikt als bestrijdingsmiddel tegen ongedierte of om schimmel tegen te gaan. Waarom houdt de overheid de giftige containers niet tegen en wat is het gevaar hiervan voor de consument?

Bekijk uitzending

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En wederom is de RIVM de partij die de zaak begataliseert. Dezelfde club die zegt dat het baarmoederhalskankervaccin zonder risico's zijn. Ondanks verkeerde meetmethodes blijft de RIVM zeggen dat goederen uit gifgascontainers veilig zijn. De Duitse instanties denken daar heel anders over.

We praten hier over stoffen die het zenuwgestel aantasten, zeker bij kindermatrassen een zeer gevaarlijke situatie voor toch al kwetsbare kinderen. Combineer je deze gassen met gassen uit spaanplaat meubelen dan wordt je babykamer dus een mini gifgas kamer. Maar volgens de RIVM geen probleem......

Kortom pappen en domhouden......


Transvetzuren en de baby

Onverwacht bleken de zogenaamde transvetzuren in de aanvoerende navelstreng een negatief effect te hebben op de motoriek van de kinderen op 18 maanden. Dit verband kon ook niet door het toeval bepaald zijn en was vrij sterk. Hoe meer transvetzuren in de navelstreng voorkwamen des te minder efficiŽnt was de motoriek van het kind op 18 maanden. Of dit een oorzakelijk verband is kon echter niet met zekerheid worden aangetoond met de huidige opzet van het onderzoek. We toonden alleen een associatie aan. Transvetzuren kunnen alleen via de voeding van de moeder via de navelstreng naar de foetus aangevoerd zijn. Transvetzuren komen van nature weinig voor en ontstaan bij het verhitten (hydrogeneren) van vloeibare oliŽn en lijken nog het meeste op verzadigde vetzuren met een klein knikje erin. De voedingsindustrie verwerkt veel transvetzuren in
snacks, kant-en-klare maaltijden, koekjes en in het verleden in de margarine om de houdbaarheid en levensduur te verbeteren.

Lees verder


A low dose of caffeine when pregnant may damage the heart of offspring for a lifetime

A new study published online in The FASEB Journal shows that the equivalent of one dose of caffeine (just two cups of coffee) ingested during pregnancy may be enough to affect fetal heart development and then reduce heart function over the entire lifespan of the child. In addition, the researchers also found that this relatively minimal amount of exposure may lead to higher body fat among males, when compared to those who were not exposed to caffeine. Although the study was in mice, the biological cause and effect described in the research paper is plausible in humans. According to Scott Rivkees, Yale's Associate Chair of Pediatric Research and a senior researcher on the study, "Our studies raise potential concerns about caffeine exposure during very early pregnancy, but further studies are necessary to evaluate caffeine's safety during pregnancy." To reach their conclusion researchers studied four groups of pregnant mice under two sets of conditions for 48 hours. The first two groups were studied in "room air," with one group having been injected with caffeine and another injected with saline solution. The second two groups were studied under conditions where ambient oxygen levels were halved, with one group receiving caffeine and the other receiving saline solution. They found that under both circumstances, mice given caffeine produced embryos with a thinner layer of tissue separating some of the heart's chambers than the group that was not given caffeine. The researchers then examined the mice born from these groups to determine what long-term effects, if any, caffeine had on the offspring. They found that all of the adult males exposed to caffeine as fetuses had an increase in body fat of about 20 percent, and decreased cardiac function of 35? percent when compared to mice not exposed to caffeine. "Caffeine is everywhere: in what we drink, in what we eat, in pills that we use to relieve pain, and even in candy," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. "This report shows that despite popular notions of safety, there's one place it probably shouldn't be: in the diet of an expectant mother."

Article Details: Christopher C. Wendler, Melissa Busovsky-McNeal, Satish Ghatpande, April Kalinowski, Kerry S. Russell, and Scott A. Rivkees. Embryonic caffeine exposure induces adverse effects in adulthood . FASEB J. first published on December 16, 2008 as doi:10.1096/fj.08-124941. http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/abstract/fj.08-124941v1


Anti-depressiva kunnen hartafwijkingen bij baby veroorzaken

Pregnancy study finds strong association between two antidepressants and heart anomalies

Three-country study looks at fluoxetine and paroxetine

Women who took the antidepressant fluoxetine during the first three months of pregnancy gave birth to four times as many babies with heart problems as women who did not and the levels were three times higher in women taking paroxetine. Although some of the conditions were serious, others were not severe and resolved themselves without the need for medical intervention, according to a three-country study in the November issue of the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. Researchers have advised women taking the drugs to continue unless they are advised to stop by their doctor or consultant. But they are being urged to give up smoking, as the study also found that more than ten cigarettes a day was associated with a five-fold increase in babies with major heart problems. The team has also suggested that women on fluoxetine should be given a foetal echocardiogram in their second trimester to diagnose possible heart anomalies. International researchers from Israel, Italy and Germany followed the pregnancies of 2,191 women - 410 who had taken paroxetine during pregnancy, 314 who had taken fluoxetine and 1,467 controls who hadn't taken either of the drugs. "After we excluded genetic and cytogenic anomalies, we found a higher rate of major heart anomalies in the women who had been taking the antidepressants" says lead author Professor Asher Ornoy from the Israeli Teratology Information Service in Jerusalem, Israel. "Further analysis showed a strong association between major heart anomalies and taking fluoxetine in the first trimester. Women who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day also had more babies with heart anomalies."

Lees verder


Tijdens zwangerschap extra vitamine D, foliumzuur, vit A, B6, ijzer, selenium + zink

De voedingsraad doet aanbevelingen om tijdens de zwangerschap extra vitamine D en foliumzuur in te nemen, omdat is aangetoond dat voldoende inname ervan de kans op aangeboren afwijkingen vermindert. Uit onderzoek blijkt dat de dagelijkse voeding onvoldoende vitamine A, vitamine B6, ijzer, selenium en zink bevat. Deze stoffen zijn van groot belang voor de groei en ontwikkeling van het ongeboren kind ook al heeft men relatief weinig ervan nodig. Voedingssupplementen bij zwangerschap kunnen wel degelijk zin hebben als aanvulling op een normaal en gevarieerd voedingspatroon, mits er op gelet wordt dat er niet te veel vitamine A en D en mineralen wordt ingenomen.

Vitamine B6 tekort
Lage concentraties vitamine B6 bij zwangere vrouwen kunnen de ontwikkeling van het centraal zenuwstelsel van de baby verstoren. DeficiŽntie kan ook bijdragen tot waterretentie en ochtend misselijkheid. Het kan mogelijk zelfs leiden tot zwangerschapsdiabetes. Vitamine B6 supplementen zijn bovendien effectief gebleken bij de behandeling van zwangerschapsmisselijkheid en braken.

http://geneesmiddelen.wewi.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root/artikelen/2000/


Transvetzuren zorgen voor dikkere babies

Opnieuw een hoofdrol voor transvetzuren, de zogenaamde geharde plantaardige vetten, die met name voorkomen in industrievoeding, fabrieksbrood (supermarkten zoals Aldi, Plus etc etc ) en het beruchte koffiemelkpoeder (1/3 gehard vet!!) dat sommige mensen iedere dag in hun koffie doen (met name koffiemachines op het werk). Ditmaal een relatie tussen inname van transvetzuren door zwangere moeders en het effect op het vet van de baby. Bij ratten zorgde dit voor 40% vettoename en verhoogde insuline produktie (dus meer kans op diabetes 2).

Vermijdt dus alles dat geharde plantaardige vetten bevat, de supermarkten liggen er vol mee, fabrikanten blijven deze ziekmakers dag in dag uit gebruiker omdat ze goedkoop zijn, ten kosten van uw gezondheid !

Ron

 

Pregnant mothers' diet linked to baby's obesity
Pregnant and lactating rats fed on a diet of hydrogenated fat during pregnancy and lactation had babies who were fatter than rats fed a normal diet, according to research published in Lipids in Health and Disease. The unhealthy diet has deleterious consequences even after the fats were removed from the diet and has links to insulin production.

“We know that foetal growth is influenced by the mother’s nutritional status,” explained Brazilian nutritionist Luciana Pisani. ”The nutritional conditions during pregnancy has a major role in the metabolic and hormonal interactions between the mother’s body, placenta and foetus. To date only a few studies have looked at the effects on trans fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation on the metabolism of offspring in adulthood. We found that the fatty content of the babies’ bodies increased when the mothers were fed the hydrogenated fat rich diet and this could be traced to the gene expression of adipokines.”

In an investigation to examine whether feeding pregnant and lactating rats hydrogenised fats rich in trans fatty acids, increased the fat content in carcass, the researchers found that their metabolic rate dropped dramatically. Interestingly young rats that were fed a normal diet after they were born ate less and weighed less even though their mothers had been eating the trans fatty acids while pregnant. The gene expression of adipokines was also examined in relation to insulin production.

The offspring were weighed weekly and exposure to the trans-fatty acid enriched diet after weaning led to a 40% increase in body fat content for the young rats. Rats whose mothers were fed the trans fatty acids and continued to eat the fats into adulthood had the highest metabolic efficiency. The same rats increased their insulin production.

Pisani continued, “Fats play a fundamental role in foetal development and changes in dietary fatty acids has important implications for foetal and postnatal development. Heavy ingestion of very hydrogenated fats rich in trans fatty acids increases risk of cardiovascular diseases and reduces insulin sensitivity and so leads to type 2 diabetes. We need to investigate this further as this has important implications for people’s own diets, especially pregnant women.”


Gsm'en tijdens zwangerschap schadelijk voor baby

Vrouwen die tijdens hun zwangerschap bellen met een gsm, verhogen de kans dat hun baby gedragsproblemen zal vertonen. Dat blijkt uit een wetenschappelijk onderzoek onder 13.159
moeders van kinderen die in de jaren '90 geboren werden.

http://www.datanews.be/nl/news/90-104-18267/gsm-en-tijdens-zwangerschap
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-wellbeing/health-news


De studie

Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children.

Divan HA, Kheifets L, Obel C, Olsen J.

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA; and bInstitute of Public Health, Department of General Practice, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.

BACKGROUND:: The World Health Organization has emphasized the need for research into the possible effects of radiofrequency fields in children. We examined the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phones and behavioral problems in young children. METHODS:: Mothers were recruited to the Danish National Birth Cohort early in pregnancy. When the children of those pregnancies reached 7 years of age in 2005 and 2006, mothers were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the current health and behavioral status of children, as well as past exposure to cell phone use. Mothers evaluated the child's behavior problems using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. RESULTS:: Mothers of 13,159 children completed the follow-up questionnaire reporting their use of cell phones during pregnancy as well as current cell phone use by the child. Greater odds ratios for behavioral problems were observed for children who had possible prenatal or postnatal exposure to cell phone use. After adjustment for potential confounders, the odds ratio for a higher overall behavioral problems score was 1.80 (95% confidence interval = 1.45-2.23) in
children with both prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phones. CONCLUSIONS:: Exposure to cell phones prenatally-and, to a lesser degree, postnatally-was associated with behavioral difficulties such as emotional and hyperactivity problems around the age of school entry. These associations may be noncausal and may be due to unmeasured confounding. If real, they would be of public health concern given the widespread use of this technology.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18467962


Roken kan zwangerschappen stoppen door veranderingen in de baarmoeder

Zware rokers kunnen eventuele zwangerschappen ondermijnen doordat het voor de embryo lastiger wordt om zich in de baarmoeder te nestelen.Al eerder werd bekend dat roken voor verminderde vruchtbaarheid en kleiner geboortegewicht kan zorgen. Onderzoeker Dr Sergio Soares hoopt dat er nu meer studies naar deze nieuwe complicatie gaan volgen.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/health/
womenfamily.html?in_article_id=415431&in_page_id=1799

Contact gegevens onderzoeker

Dr Sťrgio Reis Soares
Av. Infante D. Henrique, nļ 333 H, Esc. 1-9
1800-282 LISBOA
Telefone: 21 853 91 22
Fax: 21 853 70 77
E-mail: ivilisboa@ivi.es
http://www.ivi.es


Brandwonden door thee 3 maal ernstiger dan overige ongevallen

Jaarlijks belanden 1.400 baby's en peuters op de spoedeisende eerste hulp met brandwonden door een ogenschijnlijk klein ongeval met hete vloeistoffen. De gevolgen van dit soort brandwondenongevallen zijn echter drie maal zo ernstig als gemiddeld: 17% van de kindjes met brandwonden die bij de spoedeisende eerste hulp komen, wordt opgenomen in het ziekenhuis (gemiddeld overige privť-ongevallen 6%). Onderzoek toont aan dat ouders geen besef hebben van de ernstige gevolgen van een ongeval met hete thee. De Brandwonden Stichting voert dit najaar campagne om ouders hiervan meer bewust te maken.

Het gevaar schuilt in kleine dagelijkse dingen. Het drinken van een kopje thee geeft een gevoel van rust en gezelligheid, maar is 550 keer per jaar de oorzaak van een ernstig ongeval. Kleine kinderen hebben een dunnere huid, die veel minder warmte kan hebben dan een volwassen huid. Daarom geeft een ongelukje met hete thee bij volwassenen vaak slechts een pijnlijke plek, maar worden baby's opgenomen in een brandwondencentrum.

Bewustwording
Onderzoek toont aan dat ouders het risico en de ernst van de gevolgen (soms meerdere operaties en blijvende littekens) wordt onderschat. Ook blijkt dat ouders de snelheid waarmee een verbranding gebeurt onderschatten: Het omtrekken van een kopje thee, of tussen de 0 en 5 seconden alleen in bad met een hete kraan, is al voldoende. Rob Baardse, programmacoŲrdinator Preventie bij de Brandwonden Stichting, ziet daarom voldoende kansen om het aantal ongevallen drastisch te verlagen: 'Het is aan ons om ouders zoveel mogelijk te wijzen op de gevaren en de gevolgen. Als je weet dat iets gevaarlijk is, zorg je er wel voor dat je kind er niet mee in contact komt. Ouders monteren bijvoorbeeld wel een traphekje, maar drinken rustig een kopje thee met de baby op schoot...'

De Brandwonden Stichting werkt samen met de Stichting Consument en Veiligheid met een twee jaar durende campagne aan deze bewustwording. Dit najaar, hťt tijdstip om weer gezellige binnen een kopje thee te drinken, start een radiocampagne ondersteund door krantenadvertenties. In de campagne worden vier simpele tips gegeven om brandwonden door hete thee te voorkomen:

- Drink geen thee met een kind op schoot
- Houd de theepot en waterkoker buiten bereik van kinderen
- Zet kopjes thee niet aan de rand van de tafel
- Gebruik geen tafelkleed waar kinderen aan kunnen trekken

Naast de radiocampagne en de advertenties worden alle peuterspeelzalen en
kinderdagverblijven aangeschreven met het aanbod om een gratis preventielezing bij de
Brandwonden Stichting aan te vragen. Want dat werkt, weet Rob Baardse: 'Eťn
lezing, en je weet als ouder precies wat het probleem is en hoe je met simpele
maatregelen de ellende kunt voorkomen. Eťn van de eerste foto's toont een heftige
brandwond op de borst van een kindje. Ouders schrikken en denken aan een groot ongeval. Als je dan zegt dat die brandwond komt door een simpel kopje thee... DŠt vergeten ouders niet meer.'


Moet men de cellen die afstammen van de baby invriezen ?

Cellen van de baby invriezen in vloeibare stikstof; dit toevertrouwen aan een particulier bedrijf; is het werkelijk net zo onschuldig als het aangaan van een verzekering voor de toekomst ?

Overzicht :

De rol van de openbare banken?
- CommerciŽle behandelingen rond het bloed van de navelstreng !

Wat moet men van de marketing van de particuliere banken geloven?
- en hoe zit het met de medische ethiek ?

Zich op het onderzoek en de solidariteit richten?
Openbare bank en het wereldregister: cellen die afstammen uit het bloed ter beschikking van iedereen.

Nuttig adres :
Banque de sang foeto-placentaire
HŰpitaux Universitaires de GenŤve
rue Micheli-du-Crest 24
1205 GenŤve GE / SUISSE
Zwitserland
Tel. 022 / 372 98 59

Bron : www.tsr.ch > 36.9 Magazine Santť > 1 november 2006 (franstalige reportage).

Korte vertaalde samenvatting door xxx van Herk


Internationaal


Typical diet not best for mothers and babies - “Eat more fish” is expert advice

Diets high in red meat and low in fish may pose a risk to optimum brain development in babies. Canadian scientists say new research shows the typical North American diet of eating lots of meat and not much fish is deficient in Omega-3 fatty acids and this may pose a risk to infant neurological development. The scientists announced their results last Friday, saying: “This discovery is an important step towards developing dietary fat guidelines for pregnant and breastfeeding women.”  “Omega 3 fatty acids are important for the baby’s developing eyes and brain,” said Dr. Sheila Innis, the study’s principal investigator, head of the nutrition and metabolism program at the Child & Family Research Institute at British Columbia Children’s Hospital and Professor of Pediatrics at the University of British Columbia.

“During pregnancy and breastfeeding, fat consumed by the mum is transferred to the developing baby and breastfed infant, and this fat is important for the baby’s developing organs. Our next task is to find out why the typical North American diet puts mothers at risk. Then we can develop dietary recommendations to help women consume a nutritious diet that promotes optimal health for mums and babies.”  The researchers found women who ate lots of meat and little fish were deficient in Omega-3 fatty acids, and their babies did not do as well on eye tests as babies from mothers who were not deficient. The results were noticeable as early as two months of age. The study is ongoing, as the researchers intend to follow the children’s development until four years of age.

Mr Roy Palmer, the Australian link in Seafood Services Australia’s Global Seafood Health Network, a worldwide network researching and communicating information on the health benefits of seafood, said the results could also be applied in Australia, given the similarities between typical diets here and in North America. Mr Palmer said “the Australian Government and health agencies should take note of the findings of the Canadian study, given the importance of healthy eating, especially in mothers and babies, and the increasing recognition of preventative health care required to reduce chronic health conditions affecting Australians of all ages. And Dr Innis’ final word on the subject: “For better health, it’s important for pregnant and nursing mums – and all of us – to eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, eggs, and fish while minimizing consumption of processed and prepared foods.” The study was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. It was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

The Canadian research was published in the March edition of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition See
http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/abstract/87/3/548
http://www.cfri.ca/aboutus/news/media/documents/CFRI_
nutrition_Innis_JCN_mar07-08.pdf


Common Drug (indomethacin) for Stopping Preterm Labor may be Harmful for Babies

A drug commonly used to halt premature labor may be associated with brain damage and intestinal issues in premature babies, according to a new analysis of studies on the issue published this month in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/pr/news/story.cfm?id=1737


Maternal Smoking and Speech Perception in Newborns

Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is known to adversely affect development of the central nervous system in babies of smoking mothers by restricting utero–placental blood flow and the amount of oxygen available to the fetus. Behavioral data associate maternal smoking with lower verbal scores and poorer performance on specific language/auditory tests. Key et al. (p. 623) examined the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on newborns' speech discrimination ability. The findings indicate that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke in otherwise healthy babies is linked with significant changes in brain physiology associated with basic perceptual skills that could place the infant at risk for later developmental problems.

http://www.ehponline.org/docs/2006/9521/abstract.html


 
Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water

The growing premature birth rate in the United States appears to be strongly associated with increased use of pesticides and nitrates, according to work conducted by Paul Winchester, M.D., of Indiana University School of Medicine. Preterm birth rates peaked when pesticides and nitrates measurements in surface water were highest -- April-July -- and were lowest when nitrates and pesticides were lowest -- August-September.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-05/iu-pbm050407.php


 
Promising protein may prevent eye damage in premature babies

Researchers have identified a protein that is part of the body's natural defenses in oxygen-deprived conditions, a finding that could rapidly lead to treatments for babies born before their eyes are finished growing.

http://news.ufl.edu/2007/06/18/preemie-eye/


 
Why You Want to Keep Your Baby Away From the TV!

Allowing children under 3 to watch television can impair their linguistic and social development, and also put them at risk of health problems including attention-deficit disorder, autism and obesity.

http://v.mercola.com/blogs/public_blog/Why-You-Want-to-Keep-Your-
Baby-Away-From-the-TV--12053.aspx


 
Does feeding babies pureed food harm their health?

Feeding babies on pureed food is unnecessary and could be harmful to their health, a leading child care expert has warned. Instead infants should be fed exclusively on breast or formula milk for the first six months, then weaned onto solids.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/health/
womenfamily.html?in_article_id=462599&in_page_id=1799


 
Experts Say Soy Formulas Should Be Last Choice

Experts are now saying that soy-based formulas should be the last choice when it comes to feeding your baby. Breast milk is best, and cow's milk comes closest to mimicking the nutrient dense drink.

http://www.citynews.ca/news/news_9499.aspx


 
Toxic baby bottles

Reports that a chemical called bisphenol A may leech from the plastic bottles into milk have some parents scrambling to replace their plastic feeding arsenal with glass bottles.

http://www.tulsaworld.com/lifestyle/article.aspx?articleID=070514_238_D1_Somer24770


 
Researchers disprove RSV assumption, open new avenues of treatment

For four decades, medical science thought that severe RSV infections in infants were caused by an overreactive immune system. A team of researchers, including UTMB's Robert Garafolo and his colleagues, have turned that dogma on its head. They’ve shown that severe RSV infections in the lower respiratory tract actually are associated with an inadequate immune reaction. Their findings have major implications for efforts to develop therapies for RSV and perhaps other viral respiratory infections during infancy.

http://blog.utmb.edu/newsroom/?p=1634


 
Apple consumption during pregnancy reduces risk for childhood wheezing and asthma

Eating apples while pregnant may give new meaning to an apple a day keeping the doctor away. Compelling new research has concluded that mothers who eat apples during pregnancy may protect their children from developing asthma later in life. The study was published in Thorax online.

This unique longitudinal study tracked dietary intake by nearly 2000 pregnant women, then examined the effects of the maternal diet on airway development in more than 1200 of their children five years later. Among a wide variety of foods consumed and recorded by the pregnant women, the researchers concluded that the children of mothers who ate apples had a significantly reduced risk for the development of asthma and childhood wheezing.

This study focuses on medical evaluations for asthma and related symptoms (i.e., wheezing) when the children were five years old. As a result of the evaluations cited in this research, other than apples, there were no consistent associations found between prenatal consumption of a range of healthful foods and asthma in the 1253 children who were evaluated.

Children of mothers who ate apples during pregnancy were much less likely to exhibit symptoms of asthma (including wheezing), say the researchers who hail from institutions in The Netherlands and Scotland. These same researchers previously reported positive associations between maternal consumption of vitamins A, E, D and zinc with reduced risk of asthma, wheeze and eczema in children.

The only other positive association found between prenatal food intake and risk reduction in the children was with fish, for which the researchers found that children of mothers who ate fish had a lowered incidence of doctor-confirmed eczema.

According to the research, "The present study suggests beneficial associations between maternal apple intake during pregnancy and wheeze and asthma at age five years." They add that their findings "suggest an apple specific effect, possibly because of its phytochemical content, such as flavonoids." The research paper cites other related studies on apples, including those which found that "intake of apples as a significant source of flavonoids and other polyphenols has been beneficially associated with asthma, bronchial hypersensitivity, and lung function in adults."

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-04/kc-abr040507.php


 
Four Steps To Organic Motherhood

For those looking to take the first steps toward a more organic pregnancy, Zissu made these recommendations as the best common-sense first steps;Don’t renovate your home during pregnancy or early childhood, Switch cleaning products to non-toxic alternatives, Choose certified organic foods when possible, Pamper yourself with products that aren’t loaded with toxic or untested chemicals.

http://www.thedailygreen.com/2007/05/12/four-steps-to-organic-motherhood/


 
Development of the Human Infant Intestinal Microbiota

Almost immediately after a human being is born, so too is a new microbial ecosystem, one that resides in that person's gastrointestinal tract. Although it is a universal and integral part of human biology, the temporal progression of this process, the sources of the microbes that make up the ecosystem, how and why it varies from one infant to another, and how the composition of this ecosystem influences human physiology, development, and disease are still poorly understood. As a step toward systematically investigating these questions, we designed a microarray to detect and quantitate the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene sequences of most currently recognized species and taxonomic groups of bacteria. We used this microarray, along with sequencing of cloned libraries of PCR-amplified SSU rDNA, to profile the microbial communities in an average of 26 stool samples each from 14 healthy, full-term human infants, including a pair of dizygotic twins, beginning with the first stool after birth and continuing at defined intervals throughout the first year of life. To investigate possible origins of the infant microbiota, we also profiled vaginal and milk samples from most of the mothers, and stool samples from all of the mothers, most of the fathers, and two siblings. The composition and temporal patterns of the microbial communities varied widely from baby to baby. Despite considerable temporal variation, the distinct features of each baby's microbial community were recognizable for intervals of weeks to months. The strikingly parallel temporal patterns of the twins suggested that incidental environmental exposures play a major role in determining the distinctive characteristics of the microbial community in each baby. By the end of the first year of life, the idiosyncratic microbial ecosystems in each baby, although still distinct, had converged toward a profile characteristic of the adult gastrointestinal tract.

http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-
document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0050177


 
NIDA-Supported Study Shows Significant Association between Smoking, Mental Disorders in Pregnant Women

New research has identified an association between mental disorders and nicotine dependence among pregnant women in the United States, not unlike what has been reported in the general population. The presence of these mental disorders in nicotine addicted pregnant women may make quitting smoking more difficult. Published in the April 2007 issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology, this study was supported in part by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health.

The study included 1,516 pregnant women at least 18 years old who took part in the 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative survey of more than 43,000 U.S. adults administered by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).

Researchers found that 21.7% of the pregnant women in the study used cigarettes and among those women, 57.2% were nicotine dependent. These results indicate that in the United States an estimated 12.4% of pregnant women are addicted to cigarettes. Women with nicotine dependence were more likely to meet criteria for at least one mental disorder compared to those that did not use cigarettes during pregnancy. Significant associations were found for dysthymia (a chronic depressive condition), major depressive disorder, and panic disorder.

"Understanding that these co-morbidities exist may shed light on why some women are unable to abstain from smoking during pregnancy even though they understand the negative health impact for them and their unborn children," says NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow. "There is tremendous value in screening pregnant women who are unable to abstain from smoking for mental disorders—to not only identify and treat those who have been undiagnosed but also to improve successful quit smoking attempts."

Encouraging women to quit smoking before they become pregnant is important to the health of the fetus, in addition to improving the health of the mother. Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of having infants with low birth weight and their children face an increased risk for learning and behavioral problems.

http://www.nida.nih.gov/newsroom/07/NR4-03.html


 
100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta

A doctoral thesis written at the Department of Radiology and Physical Medicine of the University of Granada reveals an average presence of eight organochlorine contaminants in the organisms of pregnant women, which are usually ingested by means of food, water and air. These chemical substances may cause some malformations in the genito-urinary system of the foetus, such as cryptorchidism and hypospadias.

http://prensa.ugr.es/prensa/research/verNota/prensa.php?nota=377


 
Weight gain in pregnancy linked to overweight in kids

Pregnant women who gain excessive or even appropriate weight, according to current guidelines, are four times more likely than women who gain inadequate weight to have a baby who becomes overweight in early childhood. These findings are from a new study at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention of Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and are published in the April issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-04/hms-wgi032807.php


 
New placenta screening for high-risk pregnancies

For the first time ever, a team of Toronto researchers are using a combination of ultrasound and blood tests to screen high-risk pregnant mothers for placental damage.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-04/uot-nps032807.php


 
Potatoes during pregnancy linked to juvenile diabetes

Australian researchers believe they have found a trigger of type 1 diabetes in children - their mothers eating potatoes and other tuberous vegetables during pregnancy.

http://paktribune.com/news/index.shtml?182268


 
Alcohol use during pregnancy leads to greater risk of extreme preterm delivery

Preterm delivery, and particularly "extreme prematurity" -- defined as less than 32 weeks of gestation -- are major contributors to perinatal sickness and death worldwide. A new study has found that maternal alcohol use during pregnancy can contribute to a substantial increase in risk for extreme preterm delivery.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-05/ace-aud051707.php


 
Different approach needed to protect brains of premature infants

A study of how the brain of a premature infant responds to injury has found vulnerabilities similar to those in the mature brain but also identified at least one significant difference, according to neuroscientists and neonatologists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

In an animal model of brain injury, researchers showed for the first time that parts of the developing brain are vulnerable to damage from glutamate, a nervous system messenger compound. Glutamate is already well-known for its links to injury in the mature brain. But scientists also found damage in the developing brain that could not be linked to glutamate, suggesting that different treatments are needed to prevent brain injury in premature infants.

More than two percent of babies are born before the completion of their eighth month of gestation, and up to half of these infants suffer brain injury. Unlike adults, premature infants receive the most damage in the white matter, the portions of the brain that connect different brain regions.

"These injuries can lead to behavioral problems, developmental delay, cognitive impairment or cerebral palsy," says senior author Mark P. Goldberg, M.D., professor of neurology and of neurobiology. "In this study, we've identified a unique vulnerability in the developing brain's white matter that likely contributes to those disabilities. We will be looking for new drug treatments to prevent injury."

http://mednews.wustl.edu/news/page/normal/9247.html


 
Vitamin D Deficiency Widespread During Pregnancy

Significant racial disparities also noted despite use of prenatal multivitamin supplements

Even regular use of prenatal multivitamin supplements is not adequate to prevent vitamin D insufficiency, University of Pittsburgh researchers report in the current issue of the Journal of Nutrition, the publication of the American Society for Nutrition. A condition linked to rickets and other musculoskeletal and health complications, vitamin D insufficiency was found to be widespread among women during pregnancy, particularly in the northern latitudes.

A vitamin closely associated with bone health, vitamin D deficiency early in life is associated with rickets – a disorder characterized by soft bones and thought to have been eradicated in the United States more than 50 years ago – as well as increased risk for type 1 diabetes, asthma and schizophrenia.

Vitamin D is found naturally in fatty fish but few other foods. Primary dietary sources include fortified foods such as milk and some ready-to-eat cereals and vitamin supplements. Sun exposure for skin synthesis of vitamin D also remains critical."Our study shows that current vitamin D dietary intake recommendations are not enough to meet the demands of pregnancy," Dr. Bodnar said. "Improving vitamin D status has tremendous capacity to benefit public health."

http://www.upmc.com/Communications/NewsBureau/NewsRelease
Archives/2007/February/VitaminDDeficiency.htm


 
Common Plastics May Increase Your Child's Obesity Risks

On the heels of yesterday's warning about the dire effects of bisphenol A on your baby's fertility comes another report that blames endocrine-disrupting chemicals like BPA on exacerbating your child's risks of obesity.

Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the womb may change how an unborn child's genes work, scientists say, predisposing him or her to obesity. Those very same chemicals caused mice to be born at low body weights, then forced their bodies to double their weights in just seven days. And, as mice got older, the more obese they became throughout their little lives.

As a result, babies are born with a metabolic system programmed for starvation that maximizes the use of all food children consume. Scientists estimate there's about 1,000 man-made chemicals that can be designated as endocrine disruptors and they can be found in common plastics, pesticides and electronics.

http://v.mercola.com/blogs/public_blog/Common-Plastics-May
-Increase-Your-Child-s-Obesity-Risks-6003.aspx


 
Eating Apples and Fish During Pregnancy May Protect Against Childhood Asthma and Allergies

Women who eat apples and fish during pregnancy may reduce the risk of their children developing asthma or allergic disease, suggests a new study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20. The SEATON study, conducted at the University of Aberdeen, UK, found that the children of mothers who ate the most apples were less likely to ever have wheezed or have doctor-confirmed asthma at the age of 5 years, compared to children of mothers who had the lowest apple consumption. Children of mothers who ate fish once or more a week were less likely to have had eczema than children of mothers who never ate fish. The study did not find any protective effect against asthma or allergic diseases from many other foods, including vegetables, fruit juice, citrus or kiwi fruit, whole grain products, fat from dairy products or margarine or other low-fat spreads. The researchers studied 1212 children born to women who had filled out food questionnaires during their pregnancy. When the children were 5 years old, the mothers filled out a questionnaire about the children’s respiratory symptoms and allergies, as well as a questionnaire about their child’s food consumption. The children were also given lung function and allergy tests. Previous studies in the same children have found evidence for protective effects of vitamin E and D and zinc during pregnancy in reducing the risk of children’s wheeze and asthma, notes researcher Saskia Willers, M.Sc. of Utrecht University in the Netherlands. If the new results are confirmed, she says, “recommendations on dietary modification during pregnancy may help to prevent childhood asthma and allergy.”

http://www.thoracic.org/sections/publications/press-releases/conference/articles/2007
/press-releases/eating-apples-and-fish-during-pregnancy-may-protect-against-
childhood-asthma-and-allergies.html


 
Chemical exposure may lower birth weight

Newborns exposed to chemicals used to produce nonstick cookware, firefighting foam, paper products and other items weigh slightly less and have slightly smaller skulls, according to preliminary research conducted at Johns Hopkins University.

Dr. Lynn Goldman, a pediatrician and professor at the university's Bloomberg School of Public Health, said the study of 300 babies found "very small decreases" in birth weight and head circumference. The babies were born at John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore between 2004 and early 2005. The mothers ranged in age from 14 to 43.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070223/ap_on_he_me/c8_study&
printer=1;_ylt=Ask34Xcx2e4v7Tmdwi_f6KRa24cA


 
How Poorly You Handle Your Child's Pain Can Harm Your Own Health

Because pessimism can be a deadly thing, it's no surprise to learn the life-threatening health problems of children can also harm their parents.

This study is more unique than others for good reason: It's based on comparing the health of parents whose children were injured or killed in a fire at a New Year's Eve party in 2001 to a control group of adults who wasn't affected by the disaster at all.

Parents whose children were involved in that real world fire that took place in the Netherlands had a higher risk of developing hypertension over the next four years -- nearly 50 percent -- than patients whose children were safely out of harm's way.

http://www.bloglines.com/preview?siteid=7486249&itemid=835


 
Link between mild infection and hypoxic apnoea

Apnoea and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) represent major medical concerns in the neonatal population, and infection may play a crucial role in their pathogenesis. Scientists at Karolinska Institutet have now exposed a mechanism for how mild infection can cause apnoea and death due to hypoxia in neonates.

http://www.expertsvar.nu/publicIndex.asp?page=10&fromPage=public&lang=2&PRID=8093


 
Plastic Baby Bottles Leach Toxic Chemical

Several popular baby bottle brands have been found to leach potentially harmful levels of a toxic chemical linked to developmental, neural and reproductive problems, according to a study released today by an environmental policy group.

http://cbs5.com/topstories/local_story_058144437.html


 
Stress-Related Adult Disease May Originate In Fetal Development

Birth Weight, Gestation Period may be Linked to Depression, Chronic painAccording to a review in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, evidence is mounting that lifelongstress-related conditions such as depression and chronic pain may belinked to fetal growth and timing of delivery. [Ben Licher]

http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/press/pressitem.asp?ref=1137&site=1


 
Pregnancy diet may impact child's allergy risk

What a woman eats during pregnancy may influence the odds that her child will develop allergies, a new study hints. After adjusting for potentially confounding factors, positive associations were observed between high maternal intakes of margarine and vegetable oils during the last 4 weeks of pregnancy and eczema during the first 2 years in the offspring. On the other hand, eating a lot of fish late in pregnancy seemed to offer some protection against eczema in offspring. The study also found that children born to moms who ate a lot of celery and citrus fruit were at increased risk for sensitization to food allergens. Sensitization to inhaled allergens was also associated with high maternal intakes of deep-frying vegetable fat, raw sweet pepper and citrus fruit. [Ben Licher]

http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=healthNews&storyid=2007-02-28T
194850Z_01_COL871260_RTRUKOC_0_US-PREGNANCY-DIET.xml


 
Genetic Inability To Detoxify Cigarette Smoke Increases Cleft Lip Risk

A fetus that lacks both copies of a gene involved in detoxifying cigarette smoke and whose mother smokes during the pregnancy has a substantially increased risk of developing a cleft lip and/or palate, according a University of Iowa-led international study.

About 25 percent of babies of European ancestry and up to 60 percent of those of Asian ancestry lack both copies of the gene, which is called GSTT1. The finding is believed to mark the first time a gene-environment interaction in clefting has been documented at the molecular level. The study, which appears in the January issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, was funded by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health.

"If a pregnant woman smokes 15 cigarettes or more per day, and her fetus doesn't have any working copies of the GSTT1 gene, then the chances of the fetus developing a cleft increase nearly 20 fold," said Jeff Murray, M.D., the study's senior author and professor of pediatrics in the UI Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine with joint appointments in pediatric dentistry in the College of Dentistry, biology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and epidemiology in the College of Public Health.

http://news-releases.uiowa.edu/2007/january/010307cleft-lip-risk.html


 
Genes and stressed-out parents lead to shy kids

New research from the Child Development Laboratory at the University of Maryland shows that shyness in kids could relate to the manner in which a stress-related gene in children interacts with being raised by stressed-out parents.

In a study published in the February issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science, Nathan Fox, professor and director of the Child Development Laboratory, and his team found that kids who are consistently shy while growing up are particularly likely to be raised by stressed-out parents, and to possess a genetic variant associated with stress sensitivity.

This suggests that shyness relates to interactions between genes and the environment, as opposed to either genes or the environment acting alone. "Moms who report being stressed are likely to act differently toward their child than moms who report little stress," said Fox. "A mom under stress transfers that stress to the child. However, each child reacts to that stress somewhat differently. Our study found that genes play a role in this variability, such that those children who have a stress-sensitive variant of a serotonin-related gene are particularly likely to appear shy while growing up when they also are raised by mothers with high levels of stress.

"We don't understand how the environment directly affects the gene, but we know that the gene shows particularly strong relationships to behavior in certain environments."

Like all genes, the particular serotonin-related gene examined in this study has 2 alleles, which can be long or short. The protein produced by the short form of the gene is known to predispose towards some forms of stress sensitivity.

Fox's research found that among children exposed to a mother's stress, it was only those who also inherited the short forms of the gene who showed consistently shy behavior.

"If you have two short alleles of this serotonin gene, but your mom is not stressed, you will be no more shy than your peers as a school age child," says Fox. "But we found that when stress enters the picture, the gene starts to show a strong relationship to the child's behavior," says Fox. "If you are raised in a stressful environment, and you inherit the short form of the gene, there is a higher likelihood that you will be fearful, anxious or depressed."

Fox's group studies how genes and the family environment work together to shape the development of social competence in infants and young children. "We are particularly interested in very shy children. What keeps them shy and what may change them from being shy to not being shy anymore?

"We identify these children early in the first years of life, but it's not enough to identify a child with a certain disposition or gene. We want to understand how the environment works together with genes, what are the mechanisms that shape behavior."

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-03/afps-gas030207.php


 
PFOA and PFOS Detected in Newborns

An analysis of nearly 300 umbilical cord blood samples led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows that newborn babies are exposed to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) while in the womb. PFOS and PFOA are polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs)—ubiquitous man-made chemicals used in a variety of consumer products, including as a protective coating on food-contact packaging, textiles and carpets, and in the manufacturing of insecticides. The health impact from exposure to these compounds is not fully known, but previous studies found these compounds could cause tumors and developmental toxicity in laboratory animals at doses much higher than those observed in the Hopkins study.

The analysis conducted in Baltimore, Md., detected PFOS in 99 percent of the infant samples examined and PFOA in 100 percent of those examined. The results are published in the April 20, 2007, online edition of the journal Environmental Science & Technology. Some of the study’s findings were previously reported at the Society of Toxicology workshop held in February and at the International Conference on Environmental Epidemiology and Exposure held last September.

“When we began this research we weren’t sure what we would find, because previously there was very little information about fetal exposure to PFOS and PFOA. Even though these chemicals are not bioaccumulative in fat, they are very persistent, which probably accounts for their presence in nearly every newborn,” said Benjamin Apelberg, PhD, lead author of the study and a research associate in the Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of Epidemiology. Apelberg conducted this work as part of his doctoral research.

http://www.jhsph.edu/publichealthnews/press_releases/2007/goldman_pfoa_pfos.html


 
Choline shows promise in reducing behavioral effects associated with prenatal alcohol exposure

Giving choline to infants who were exposed in the womb to alcohol may mitigate some of the resulting problems. Prenatal alcohol exposure affects physical and central nervous system development, putting children at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders that at their worst include full-blown fetal alcohol syndrome. These disorders can mean a lifetime of potentially serious problems with learning, attention, motor skills and social behavior. The findings appear in the February issue of Behavioral Neuroscience, which is published by the American Psychological Association (APA).

At San Diego State University, research led by Jennifer Thomas, PhD, is using an animal model to assess the potential therapeutic value of choline. Because scientists have been unable to determine a safe threshold for alcohol consumption during human pregnancy, abstention is the only sure means of prevention. However, warnings about the dangers of drinking during pregnancy either don’t reach or aren’t heeded by all pregnant women. As a result, researchers are seeking effective remedies to give after birth, when health professionals may be better able to intervene.

Choline plays a number of roles in brain development. It is also a precursor to acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in learning and cognition, among other functions. Choline is available in many foods, such as eggs and liver, and sold over the counter in well-tolerated forms such as lecithin, choline bitartrate or chloride, and phosphatidylcholine. Due to choline’s beneficial effects on nervous-system development, women are advised to consume 450 mg a day while pregnant and 550 mg a day while breast feeding (the tolerable upper limit has been set at 3.5 g per day). For infants, 125-150 mg/day is considered adequate during the first year, rising as the child grows older. Choline is added to some prenatal vitamins and baby formulas, and is now added to some children’s multivitamins and cereals.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-02/apa-csp022607.php


 
U.S. Reviewing Safety of Children's Cough Drugs

The medicine sections of supermarkets and drugstores usually carry products marketed for young children. Federal drug regulators have started a broad review of the safety of popular cough and cold remedies meant for children, a top official said Thursday.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/02/health/02cough.html?ei=5088&en=48ffee0b869dcaf5&
ex=1330491600&adxnnl=1&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&adxnnlx=1172830225-cWjcL
DetnYdNm33o59SR1w


 
Aspartame's Safety Questioned Again

The researchers cautioned that pregnant moms that consumed aspartame appeared to pass on the cancer risk to fetuses, with the vulnerability of fetuses being such that exposure in womb seemed to add to cancer risk later in life. The researchers noted that that parallels the human experience.

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/04/24/earlyshow/health/main2721195.shtml


 
Children Under Stress Develop More Fevers

Children whose parents and families are under ongoing stress have more fevers with illness than other children. Published this month in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, the study also shows the unanticipated conclusion that children’s natural killer cell function, part of the body’s innate immune system, increases under chronic stress, unlike adults, whose function is decreased.

http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/pr/news/story.cfm?id=1396


 
Cholesterol Could be Key to Treating Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Small amounts of alcohol can interfere with the growth of a fetus, but added cholesterol may help prevent a wide array of neurological and physical defects from alcohol exposure, according to a new study in laboratory fish. Cholesterol is so important to fetal development that pregnant women who do not have high enough cholesterol levels are at increased risk of having babies with developmental problems, even without consuming alcohol. Researchers at Duke University Medical Center, led by Yin-Xiong Li, MD., Ph.D., found that alcohol, even in small amounts, blocks the ability of cholesterol to orchestrate the complex series of events involved in regulating cell fates and organ development in the embryo. Encouragingly, the researchers also found that giving supplemental cholesterol to zebrafish embryos exposed to alcohol restored normal development. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a term to describe an array of developmental defects affecting the nervous and cardiovascular systems. The syndrome also can lead to growth retardation, facial abnormalities and lowered mental functioning. It is estimated that approximately 100 babies are born in the United States each day with some degree of alcohol induced birth defects, at an annual cost of $10 billion to the health care system.

http://www.dukemednews.org/news/article.php?id=10021


 
Child medicine additive concern

Medicines for babies and young children frequently contain additives banned from foods and drinks aimed at under-threes, research shows.

The Food Magazine examined 41 medicines aimed at the under-threes, and found only one was free of the additives.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/6433897.stm


 
Evidence Mounts: Seafood Essential to a Healthy Pregnancy

Research from the University of Bristol announced yesterday and set for publication in the peer-reviewed scientific journal, The Lancet, shed new light on an ongoing debate between scientists in the United States and the UK over the risks versus the benefits of the consumption of seafood during pregnancy. Updated research suggests that the official U.S. guideline of limiting a pregnant women's consumption of seafood to 12 ounces per week could be harmful instead of beneficial to baby's development.

http://www.healthnewsdigest.com/news/Food_and_Nutrition_690/Evidence_Mounts_
Seafood_Essential_to_a_Healthy_Pregnancy.shtml


 
Eating fish during pregnancy raises IQ in children

Children born to mothers who ate at least three servings of fish a week during pregnancy had significantly higher scores in tests of mental function in their early years, according to a new British-American study published in the Feb. 17 issue of the journal The Lancet. The conclusion conflicts with the United States government's fish advisory on fish consumption for pregnant women.

http://foodconsumer.org/7777/8888/C_hildren_amp_W_omen_33/021611172007_Fish_
During_Pregnancy_Helps_Child_s_Development.shtml


 
Cancer-causing chemical found in children's bath products

A hidden cancer-causing petrochemical has been found in dozens of children’s bath products and adults’ personal care products, in some cases at levels that are more than twice the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s lenient recommended maximum.

Laboratory tests released today revealed the presence of 1,4-Dioxane in products such as Hello Kitty Bubble Bath, Huggies Baby Wash, Johnson’s Baby Wash, Scooby-Doo Bubble Bath and Sesame Street Bubble Bath. The tests also found the carcinogen in Clairol Herbal Essences shampoo, Olay Complete Body Wash and many other personal care products.

1,4-Dioxane is a petroleum-derived contaminant considered a probable human carcinogen by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and a clear-cut animal carcinogen by the National Toxicology Program. It is also on California’s Proposition 65 list of chemicals known or suspected by the state to cause cancer or birth defects. Because it is a contaminant produced during manufacturing, the FDA does not require it to be listed as an ingredient on product labels.

The problem of 1,4-Dioxane contamination in personal care products is highlighted in a new book, “Safe Trip to Eden: Ten Steps to Save the Planet Earth from the Global Warming Meltdown,” by David Steinman. The laboratory results were released jointly today at the National Press Club by Steinman and the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, a coalition of U.S.-based health and environmental groups working to protect cosmetics consumers from toxic chemicals and hold companies accountable for the safety of their products.

“Regrettably, 1,4-Dioxane contamination is just the tip of the iceberg,” said Jeanne Rizzo, R.N., executive director of the Breast Cancer Fund, a founding member of the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. “Because the FDA does not require cosmetics products to be approved as safe before they are sold, companies can put unlimited amounts of toxic chemicals in cosmetics.”

Steinman said parents should be outraged that companies are willing to spend a significant amount of money on entertainment licensing agreements that entice children but won’t spend pennies to remove contaminants such as 1,4-Dioxane.

“Consumers who have young children, as I do, have the right to expect the highest purity in children’s products,” Steinman said. “I call on American consumers to say no to dangerous petrochemicals in their children’s cosmetic and personal care products.”

Contrary to what many consumers may believe, the FDA does not review or regulate cosmetics products or ingredients for safety before they are sold to the public and has no legal authority to require safety assessments of cosmetics.

http://www.safecosmetics.org/newsroom/press.cfm?pressReleaseID=21


 
They are what you feed them - Dr Alex Richardson

Dr Alex Richardson is a Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, and co-founder of the UK charity Food and Behaviour Research. She has become internationally known for her research into the effects of food and diet - and particularly omega-3 fatty acids - on behaviour, learning and mood. Her work has centred on developmental conditions such as dyslexia, dyspraxia, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism, but her research interests also extend into mental health and the biology of individual differences in perception and cognition. She is involved in several collaborative research programmes that include studies of genetics, brain imaging, biochemistry and nutrition as well as physiological and psychological functioning. Her current studies include controlled treatment trials of omega-3 supplementation in both children and adults.

http://www.theyarewhatyoufeedthem.com


 
Diabetes in pregnancy can hamper baby memory

Babies whose mothers had diabetes during pregnancy may be less able to form early memories than children whose mothers had normal pregnancies, a US researcher said on Friday.

http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=31&art_id=qw1171803240509B255


 
Baby milk firms told to drop nutrition claims

Baby milk manufacturers have been ordered to drop nutrition claims which suggest they are a valid alternative to breastfeeding. Claims such as 'Closer than ever to breast milk' and 'helps growth and the immune system' have been banned.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/health/womenfamily.html?in_article
_id=441566&in_page_id=1774&ito=1490


 
Chemicals Faulted For Increasing Obesity: US Scientists

At the annual conference of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in California held this week, several research teams presented explanations for the world-wide obesity epidemic that involve chemicals found in everyday plastics and pesticides. Animal experiments showed that a mother's exposure to certain chemicals, above all environmental estrogen, can pre-programme a baby to become overweight.

http://www.playfuls.com/news_004777_Chemicals_Faulted_For_
Increasing_Obesity_US_Scientists.html


 
Prenatal Vitamins Could Have Long-Lasting Effects

Canadian researchers say prenatal vitamins can reduce the risk a woman's child will develop leukemia, brain tumors and neurobastomas, which is a cancer of specialized nerve cells.

http://www.wrex.com/News/index.php?ID=15724


 
Baby Boomers in Bad Shape

Baby boomers appear to be heading for retirement in worse shape than their elders born in the years before World War II. That's according to a study published by the National Bureau of Economic Research. The study shows that baby boomers aged 51-56 report worse health and more pain, drinking, psychiatric problems, and difficulty with daily physical tasks than their predecessors.

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/553238


 
Causes of Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder During Pregnancy

This report is the result of a 1997 Graduate Student Research Project conducted through the Special Education Department at the University of South Florida. The project involved extensive research of published peer reviewed medical journal articles which have shown environmental and chemical exposure factors can cause damage to the delicate brain growth processes in the unborn child during pregnancy, thereby demonstrating potential to cause Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Disorder, Hyperactivity and other child behavior anomalies. This report generates serious concern as public exposure to identified chemical sources continues to grow due to increased use in homes, jobs and consumer products.

http://www.chem-tox.com/pregnancy/learning_disabilities.htm


 
Chemical Linked to Birth Defects Found at Unsafe Levels in Canned Food

In the most comprehensive U.S. tests for an industrial chemical used to line cans of foods, an independent laboratory found a compound linked to birth defects in more than half of the samples of canned fruit, vegetables, soda, and baby formula from supermarket shelves, according to an Environmental Working Group (EWG) report released today.

http://www.ewg.org/reports/bisphenola/newsrelease.php


 
Babies are vulnerable to chemical harm

Parents know intuitively that babies in the womb are more vulnerable to the effects of industrial chemicals than adults. A pregnant woman may avoid using hair dye and nail polish, pumping gas, or painting the nursery, for example, to protect her baby. This intuition is backed by science that has unfolded primarily over the past two decades.

http://www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2/part2.php


 
Why children love their security blankets

Every parent of a young child knows how emotionally attached children can become to a soft toy or blanket that they sleep with every night. New research, published today in the international journal Cognition, suggests that this might be because children think the toy or blanket has a unique property or ‘essence’. To support this theory, Professor Bruce Hood from the University of Bristol and his colleague Dr Paul Bloom of Yale University, USA, showed that 3-6 year-old children have a preference for their cherished items over apparently identical duplicates.

http://www.bris.ac.uk/news/2007/5335.html


 
Common environmental chemicals in diet affect fetal ovarian development

Exposing a developing female sheep fetus to low doses of chemicals commonly present in the environment can disturb the development of the ovary, a scientist told the 23rd Annual Conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology today (Wednesday, July 4). Dr. Paul Fowler, of the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, said that this research would help to establish the importance of the effect of environmental chemicals for fertility.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-07/esfh-cec070407.php


 
UAMS Researcher Helps Identify How Thalidomide Causes Birth Defects

Researchers including John Shaughnessy, Ph.D., from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) have identified the molecular trigger for birth defects caused by the drug thalidomide, a discovery that also could lead to new cancer-fighting treatments.

The sedative was given to pregnant women in the 1950s and 1960s to treat morning sickness until it was found to cause birth defects – mostly deformities to the arms or legs. It is currently used as a treatment for the blood cancer known as multiple myeloma.

http://www.uams.edu/update/absolutenm/templates/news_release_andrea.asp?articleid=
6031&zoneid=35


 
Don't Push Babies' Growth

Parents and doctors alike fret over especially low-birthweight newborns. Their diminutive size means these babies have little energy reserve—body fat—to sustain them during illness or throughout fussy eating patterns. A trend has therefore developed to fortify the formulas fed to such tiny babes. The booster beverage contains extra nutrients and protein. Unfortunately, a British study finds, this practice could have a negative long-term repercussion - high-blood-pressure in adulthood.

http://blog.sciencenews.org/food/2007/02/dont_push_babies_growth.html


 
Study Links Health to Day Care Equipment

Fewer children and workers at out-of-home day care centers would get sick if the centers had better equipment for changing diapers, washing hands and preparing food, according to a study.

http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2007/07/02/ap3879377.html


 
Mild stress in the womb may worsen risk of cerebral palsy

Chronic mild stress in pregnant mothers may increase the risk that their offspring will develop cerebral palsy -- a group of neurological disorders marked by physical disability -- according to new research in mice. The results may be the first to demonstrate such effects of stress on animals in the womb.

http://www.sfn.org/?pagename=news_070907


 
Deakin University researcher unveils pregnancy mystery

A Deakin University study has unlocked one of the many mysteries of pregnancy—how the trace element copper is transported across the placenta. The findings provide a lead to the possible cause, treatment and prevention of a number of potentially fatal conditions.

Belinda Hardman completed the study for her PhD with Deakin’s Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology under the supervision of Dr Leigh Ackland. Ms Hardman is the first to find that copper is delivered to the developing foetus via specific transporters in the placenta that are regulated by the mother’s oestrogen and insulin levels.

These findings have implications for better understanding preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation, the development of babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes and some genetic disorders.

http://www.deakin.edu.au/news/upload/050307copper.pdf


 
Canned baby formula laced with toxic chemical

A recent EWG investigation found the toxic plastics compound Bisphenol A in more than half of our samples of canned fruit, vegetables, soda, and--with the highest levels of all--in canned baby formula. BPA is used in the resin lining of the cans and is linked to birth defects of the male and female reproductive systems. Our advice? Avoid canned foods when possible and use powdered baby formula rather than canned.

http://www.ewg.org/reports/bisphenola/newsrelease.php


 
New analysis puts cot death under scrutiny once again

An analysis published in this week’s BMJ is set to re-open the debate over sudden unexpected infant death (cot death). The Lancet recently published a study on repeat infant deaths in 46 families, which suggested that almost 90% of second deaths in the same family are natural. These findings contrasted with earlier studies, which found a much higher proportion of repeat cot deaths were probably homicide. Yet the Lancet study has proved very influential, being accepted by bodies such as the American Academy of Pediatrics.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-07/bmj-nap071907.php


 
Very young babies vulnerable to sudden death while seated

Very young babies are vulnerable to sudden death, when seated, warns a study published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Babies less than a month old are most at risk, the research indicates.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-07/bsj-vyb071807.php


 
Regulation Of A Protein May Lead To Pregnancy

In its early and most critical stages, human reproduction requires precise, vital functions. The role of one sperm-delivered protein, which is crucial to the process, is being closely observed by scientists from the United States and Canada. Lab tests in recent years have produced valuable information and hopes of regulating that protein to enhance fertility. [Ben Licher]

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070319174520.htm


 
Flu while pregnant can harm fetus

WOMEN who catch the flu during pregnancy are up to seven times more likely to have a child with schizophrenia - and scientists believe they have finally figured out why.

http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,22080530-601,00.html


 
Warning over food additive widens

The Food Standards Safety Authority alerted consumers to Nutricia's Karicare Gold Plus Infant Formula and Follow-On Formula on Monday, saying both contain fructo-oligosaccharidespre-biotic (FOS), an additive not yet tested in New Zealand, which may affect infant bowel movements.

http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/411749/1237748


 
Low cholesterol diet improves blood flow in fetus

Consuming a low-cholesterol, low-fat diet during pregnancy seems to have a beneficial effect on blood flow in the fetus, Norwegian researchers report.

http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSARM00885320070720


 
Pregnant pause before eating peanuts

New research says it’s time to rethink the pregnant pause before eating peanuts New scientific research has found that most women who follow general medical precautionary advice and avoid peanuts when pregnant may be doing so unnecessarily as the advice does not apply to them. The standard medical advice - given by most GPs and health professionals such as midwives - is based on a 1998 UK Government issued precautionary notice for women with a family history of atopy (asthma, eczema or hay fever) to avoid eating peanuts during pregnancy and breast-feeding as this could increase the chances of peanut sensitization in children. But the findings of a study by scientists Dr Tara Dean and Dr Carina Venter at the University of Portsmouth of 858 pregnant women and 660 children suggests the Government medical advice is being followed mostly by first-time mothers regardless of family history of atopy. Researchers questioned the women about their diets, and two years later, conducted skin prick tests on the children to detect peanut sensitization.

http://www.port.ac.uk/aboutus/newsandevents/frontpagenews/title,62665,en.html


 
Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas

Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure does not always lead to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS); sometimes it can lead to cognitive and behavioral deficits in the absence of craniofacial features needed to make an FAS diagnosis. A new study has found that children and adolescents prenatally exposed to alcohol have altered responses in frontal-striatal areas, brain regions that may inhibit behavior.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-07/ace-pae071607.php


 
Prenatal stress keeps infants, toddlers up at night, study says

Anxious or depressed mothers-to-be are at increased risk of having children who will experience sleep problems in infancy and toddlerhood, finds a study that published this month in Early Human Development. The study tracked 14,000 pregnant women (and an index child) living in Avon, England and found that women classified as "mood disturbed" during their pregnancies were 40 percent more likely to have a child with significant trouble sleeping.

http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/pr/news/story.cfm?id=1607


 
Yeast infection can trigger diaper rash

We all have yeast in our intestines, and the bacteria there keep its growth in check. Antibiotics can throw off that balance, allowing the yeast to multiply and seep into a baby's poop, resulting in a rash on his bottom.

http://detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070724/LIFESTYLE/707240382/1005


 
More tiny babies being born in UK

The study was carried out by the Fabian Society, a left-leaning think-tank, which called the finding a "scar on the national conscience". It calls for more financial support for at-risk women, better access to antenatal services and one-to-one care for all newborns in intensive care. [Ben Licher]

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/6496253.stm


 
Poor Behavior Is Linked to Time in Day Care

A much-anticipated report from the largest and longest-running study of American child care has found that keeping a preschooler in a day care center for a year or more increased the likelihood that the child would become disruptive in class — and that the effect persisted through the sixth grade. [Ben Licher]

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/26/us/26center.html?ex=1332561600&en=
756a343aec2c044e&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss


 
Toddlers Engage In 'Emotional Eavesdropping' To Guide Their Behavior

Little children never cease to amaze. University of Washington researchers have found that 18-month-old toddlers engage in what they call "emotional eavesdropping" by listening and watching emotional reactions directed by one adult to another and then using this emotional information to shape their own behavior.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070326095423.htm


 
Lower IQ found in children of women who took epilepsy drug

Children of women who took the epilepsy drug valproate during pregnancy appear to be at a greater risk for lower IQ, according to research presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 59th annual Meeting in Boston

http://www.aan.com/press/index.cfm?fuseaction=release.view&release=477


 
Prenatal toxicity linked to immune dysfunctions in later life

A Cornell researcher has found that people who had been exposed to prenatal toxins and develop later-life diseases have in common an imbalanced immune system and hyperinflammatory responses.

http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/May07/prenatal.toxicity.sl.html


 
Light products and miscarriages

Chemical products in food and drinks considered "light" for their low calories have been linked with miscarriages, Queretaro Autonomous University (Quintana Roo, Mexico) scientist Guadalupe Garcia alerted on Monday.

http://www.plenglish.com/Article.asp?ID=%7BC4185AB4-53CD-4521-91E4-
81948D6D5C6D%7D&language=EN


 
A bath a day puts your baby at risk from skin diseases

Mother and Baby editor, Elena Dalrymple, said: "A baby's skin is five times thinner than an adult's skin and needs very gentle treatment. It is not a good idea to bath baby every day - two or three times a week is plenty."

http://news.scotsman.com/health.cfm?id=869332007


 
Prenatal nicotine exposure can lead to cardiac function reprogramming in adult offspring

New study using laboratory rats provides strong evidence that the effects of maternal smoking during the prenatal period of life can lead to cardiac vascular dysfunction beyond the formative years -- and into adulthood. What's more, the effect of nicotine shows a gender dichotomy with females being more susceptible than males.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-05/aps-pne042507.php


 
Research with a twist -- When to turn breech babies

An international study led by a McMaster researcher aims to determine if a manual procedure to turn breech babies in the uterus can result in fewer births by caesarean section.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-06/mu-rwa061407.php


 
Study suggests that smoking while pregnant may "programme" kids

Research published in the journal Tobacco Control suggests that pregnant smokers may "programme" their children to become smokers. The researchers looked at 3000 mothers and their children, who were part of a long term pregnancy study in Brisbane, Australia in 1981.

http://www.greenclippings.co.za/gc_main/article.php?story=20061128154951512


 
Baby Bottle Battle - Glass vs. Plastic

Environment California's study, titled "Toxic Baby Bottles," found that heated baby bottles leached BPA at levels that were found to cause harm in laboratory animals.

http://www.registerguard.com/news/2007/06/11/pl.babybottle.
0611.p1.php?section=personallife


 
More Ways Teflon Can Harm Your Baby

More than a year after the FDA urged companies to ban the use of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), the chemical used in making Teflon, reports of new toxic side effects associated with your cookware and other products keeping on coming.

An ongoing Johns Hopkins study on 300 newborns and their level of exposure to PFOA has tied the chemical to the low birth weights of babies as well as the size of their heads.

http://vitalvotes.com/blogs/public_blog/More-Ways-Teflon-Can-Harm-Your-Baby-6836.aspx


Green veggies during pregnancy can protect babies from cancer

A new study by scientists from the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University, done with laboratory mice, found that supplements of a key phytochemical found in certain vegetables provided a very high level of protection against leukemia and lymphoma in young animals, and also significantly protected against lung cancer during the rodent`s equivalent of middle age.

http://www.zeenews.com/znnew/articles.asp?aid=343857&ssid=28&sid=ENV


Healthy Alternative to Conventional Infant Formula

The advice to make homemade baby formula as an alternative to commercial formula has been one of the most controversial positions taken by the Weston A. Price Foundation -- and also one that has elicited the most grateful praise. While government officials and orthodox pediatricians are often appalled at the thought of a parent mixing up baby formula -- and one based on raw milk, no less -- the feedback we have received from parents has been extremely positive. Some breastfeeding advocates have also criticized our stance, claiming that by providing a more healthy alternative to commercial formulas, we are discouraging breastfeeding. Make no mistake: the best food for baby is breastmilk from a healthy mother.

http://www.mercola.com/2005/oct/11/healthy_alternative_to_
conventional_infant_formula_part_1.htm


 

 

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